Global Urban Development Magazine

 

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ASHOKA

 SPECIAL ISSUE

 

Introduction

 

Transforming Urban Markets for the Poor through Collective Entrepreneurship

Creating a World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism

Size of Low Income Housing Markets

The Next 4 Billion – The Housing Market

A Value Chain Framework for Affordable Housing in Emerging Countries

Empower Communities to Transform Markets

WWB Gender Study: The Capacity of Poor Women to Grow Their Businesses in the Dominican Republic

Social Market Development and Social Mobilization in the Value Chain of the Construction Industry

Understanding Asian Cities: A Synthesis of the Findings from Eight City Case Studies

Unlock Markets

Market-Based Models for Land Development for the Low/Moderate-Income Majority

Putting the “Housing” Back into Housing Finance for the Poor: The Case of Guatemala

Mobilize Financing

Housing Microfinance: Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full?

Capital-Market Funding of Affordable Housing Finance in Emerging Countries: The Business Case

Finance for Low-Income Housing and Community Development

Innovate Business Models

Housing the Poor by Engaging the Private and Citizen Sectors: Social Innovations and “Hybrid Value Chains”

Bringing Low-Income Consumers into the Market in Colombia: Home Improvements that Make a Difference

Enable Private Initiatives

Private Sector Involvement in Slum Upgrading

The Millennium Cities Initiative: A Comprehensive Approach to Reducing Urban Poverty and Generating Sustainable Prosperity

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Editorial Guidelines

Previous Issues

May 2005

March 2006

November 2007

August 2008

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Published by
Global Urban Development





Executive Editor:
Dr. Marc A. Weiss

Managing Editor:
Nancy Sedmak-Weiss

 

ISSN 1941-9783

Volume 4                    Issue 2                    November  2008

Print Version     

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

  

Ashoka is a global network of social entrepreneurs. Since its creation 27 years ago, it has invested in over 2,000 social entrepreneurs in 62 countries through a “social venture capital” approach as a way to address major social challenges with systemic responses. Ashoka Fellows are selected for their innovative and practical solutions to social needs. Based on these innovations, Ashoka’s Full Economic Citizenship initiative focuses on spreading successful solutions for low-income populations – harnessing the potential of commercially sustainable business-social partnerships (“Hybrid Value Chains”) to reach significant impact. www.ashoka.org.

 

Judy Baker is a Lead Economist in the Urban Development Unit of the Sustainable Development Network at the World Bank.  Her book, Evaluating the Impact of Development Projects on the Poverty, was published in 2000.

 

Susan Blaustein is Co-Director of the Millennium Cities Initiative, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, and a member of the Advisory Board of Global Urban Development. She has reported on conflict, politics, and economics from the Balkans and Southeast Asia for such publications as The New Yorker, Harper’s, The Wall Street Journal and the Los Angeles Times.

 

Valeria Budinich is Chief Entrepreneur and Leadership Group Member at Ashoka. She launched the Full Economic Citizenship initiative (FEC) in 2003 after having worked for 20 years in the creation of business development programs in 22 countries.  Prior to Ashoka, she was the COO at Appropriate Technology International, a founding Vice-President for Latin America at Endeavor, and VP for New Initiatives at BDA, a California-based consulting firm specializing in business process redesign and technology innovations for private sector clients worldwide.

Bill Drayton is CEO and Founder of Ashoka. He is also chair of Youth Venture, Community Greens, and Get America Working!  Formerly he served as Assistant Administrator at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He was selected as a MacArthur Fellow in 1984, and in 2005, he was designated as one of “America's Best Leaders” by US News & World Report and the Harvard University Center for Public Leadership. 

Bruce Ferguson is a consultant and former Senior Housing and Urban Economist at the World Bank, and a member of the Advisory Board of Global Urban Development.  He previously served as an Urban Development and Housing Project Officer at the Inter-American Development Bank, and has published widely on housing and urban development in developing countries and the U.S. 

 

Roberto Gutiérrez is an Associate Professor and directs the Program on Social Initiatives in the School of Management at the University of the Andes (Universidad de los Andes), Colombia.  His article is based on research carried on with his colleagues Diana Trujillo, Luz Elena Orozco, and Marcus Thiell, and could not have happened without the collaboration of community leaders and Colceramica’s employees. Copyright 2008.

 

Allen Hammond is a member of Ashoka’s Leadership Group and Full Economic Citizenship initiative. Recently he was Vice President for Innovation and Special Projects at the World Resources Institute. His article is an excerpt from The Next 4 Billion: Market Size and Business Strategy at the Base of the Pyramid, the World Resources Institute and International Finance Corporation, 2007. Reprinted with permission from the World Resources Institute.

 

Rob Katz is a Knowledge & Communications Associate with Acumen Fund, and previously he was an Associate with the Markets and Enterprise Program of the World Resources Institute. His article is an excerpt from The Next 4 Billion: Market Size and Business Strategy at the Base of the Pyramid, the World Resources Institute and International Finance Corporation, 2007. Reprinted with permission from the World Resources Institute.

 

William J. Kramer is founder and president of The Global Challenge Network, and previously was Director of Education and Training for the Markets & Enterprise Program at the World Resources Institute. His article is an excerpt from The Next 4 Billion: Market Size and Business Strategy at the Base of the Pyramid, the World Resources Institute and International Finance Corporation, 2007. Reprinted with permission from the World Resources Institute.

 

Inês Magalhães is the National Housing Secretary, Brazilian Ministry of Cities.

 

James Magowan is a Managing Director and co-founder of Housing MicroFinance, LLC (HMF), a company dedicated to developing housing markets in emerging less developed countries, and is also the Chief Investment Officer of Global Microfinance Group SA (GMG), a Swiss holding company that builds financial services for micro and small and medium enterprises in emerging markets.

 

Kimberly McClain is a program manager at the Washington, DC-based NGO Pact, where she coordinates projects in Sudan, Ethiopia, and Myanmar in the areas of potable water, non-formal education, HIV, and livelihoods. 

 

Diana Mitlin is Senior Researcher, Human Settlements, at the International Institute for Environment and Development in London, UK. Her article is a summary of key issues arising from two special issues of the journal Environment and Urbanization published in October 2007 and April 2008, and was also published as an Environment and Urbanization Brief in June 2008. Copyright 2007 by the International Institute for Environment and Development.

 

Inez Murray is Vice President for Technical Assistance and Programs at Women’s World Banking. Her article is excerpted from WWB GENDER STUDY: The Capacity of Poor Women to Grow Their Businesses in the Dominican Republic, Copyright 2006, Women’s World Banking (www.swwb.org).

 

Anaclaudia Rossbach is an Ashoka Fellow and founder of Interação (International Network of Community Action), Brazil.

 

David Satterthwaite is Senior Fellow, Human Settlements at the International Institute for Environment and Development in London, UK, Editor of the journal Environment and Urbanization, and a member of the Advisory Board of Global Urban Development.  He recently was awarded the Volvo Environment Prize.  His books include Empowering Squatter Citizen, Environmental Problems in an Urbanizing World, and The Earthscan Reader in Sustainable Cities.  His article is reprinted with permission from the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights (www.achr.net), Bangkok, Thailand. Copyright October 2005.

 

Stephanie Schmidt is a Program Director and Change Leader at Ashoka, and a member of the Advisory Board of Global Urban Development. She joined the Full Economic Citizenship initiative (FEC) in February 2004 bringing experience from both the business and social sectors to the initiative.  Most recently she managed the FEC Changemakers competitions on market-based strategies and health as well as the Lafarge project.  Prior to Ashoka, she worked in Rwanda for 2 years where she launched an Economic Development program to produce and market organic and essential oils with small farmers, and oversaw World Relief’s development programs including HIV/AIDS and Child Survival.

 

Julia Tran was a Research Analyst with the Development Through Enterprise project of the World Resources Institute. Her article is an excerpt from The Next 4 Billion: Market Size and Business Strategy at the Base of the Pyramid, the World Resources Institute and International Finance Corporation, 2007. Reprinted with permission from the World Resources Institute.

 

Irene Vance is Human Settlements Adviser to the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) in Central America working on housing microfinance and urban development programs, as well as SIDA's Adviser to the CGAP Housing Finance for the Poor Working Group.  Previously she worked for UN Habitat in Bolivia developing holistic livelihoods approaches through financial and non financial services for housing in rural and peri-urban communities.

 

Courtland Walker was a Research Assistant with the Development Through Enterprise project of the World Resources Institute. His article is an excerpt from The Next 4 Billion: Market Size and Business Strategy at the Base of the Pyramid, the World Resources Institute and International Finance Corporation, 2007. Reprinted with permission from the World Resources Institute.

 

Muhammad Yunus is the founder and Managing Director of the Grameen Bank in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and a member of the Advisory Board of Global Urban Development.  He is the recipient of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, together with the Grameen Bank.  Dr. Yunus is the author of a best-selling book, Banker to the Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty.  His article is an excerpt from his new book, Creating A World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism.  Excerpted by arrangement with PublicAffairs (www.publicaffairsbooks.com), a member of the Perseus Books Group.  Copyright © 2008.

 

 

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